Install Oracle Database 19C in silent mode on OEL7

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This post describes how to install Oracle 19C on Oracle Enterprise Linux 7 (OEL7) in silent mode.

Download the Software for 19C is available on OTN or e delivery

Database software

LINUX.X64_193000_db_home.zip

OS configuration and preparation

OS configuration is executed as root. To login as root just execute following command in terminal.

su - root

The “/etc/hosts” file must contain a fully qualified name for the server.

<IP-address>  <fully-qualified-machine-name>  <machine-name>

For example.

192.168.225.1 analytics-db1 analytics-db1.biks.com

Set hostname

hostnamectl set-hostname analytics-db1 --static

It’s highly recommended to update OS with latest packages

yum update

Extra configuration steps:

  • add new OS groups
  • add new OS user
  • install required OS packages
  • set specific kernel parameters
  • disable transparent hugepages and defrag

Above steps can be done automatic or manually

Automatic

Execute following command

yum install -y oracle-database-preinstall-19c

Details about steps executed by above statement can be found in file

/var/log/oracle-database-preinstall-19c/backup/<DATE>/orakernel.log

Manual

Manual installation can give you more control on installation

Add groups

#basic groups for database management
groupadd -g 54321 oinstall
groupadd -g 54322 dba
groupadd -g 54323 oper
#extra dedicated groups can be ignored for simple installations
groupadd -g 54324 backupdba
groupadd -g 54325 dgdba
groupadd -g 54326 kmdba
groupadd -g 54327 asmdba
groupadd -g 54328 asmoper
groupadd -g 54329 asmadmin
groupadd -g 54330 racdba

#Add user Oracle for database software
useradd -u 54321 -g oinstall \
-G dba,oper,backupdba,dgdba,kmdba,racdba oracle

Change password for user Oracle

passwd oracle

Install required packages

#basic packages to install
yum install -y bc
yum install -y binutils
yum install -y compat-libcap1
yum install -y compat-libstdc++-33
yum install -y elfutils-libelf
yum install -y elfutils-libelf-devel
yum install -y fontconfig-devel
yum install -y glibc
yum install -y glibc-devel
yum install -y ksh
yum install -y libaio
yum install -y libaio-devel
yum install -y libdtrace-ctf-devel
yum install -y libXrender
yum install -y libXrender-devel
yum install -y libX11
yum install -y libXau
yum install -y libXi
yum install -y libXtst
yum install -y libgcc
yum install -y librdmacm-devel
yum install -y libstdc++
yum install -y libstdc++-devel
yum install -y libxcb
yum install -y make
yum install -y smartmontools
yum install -y sysstat

#following 4 not available in oel7
#yum install -y dtrace-modules
#yum install -y dtrace-modules-headers
#yum install -y dtrace-modules-provider-headers
#yum install -y dtrace-utils

#(for Oracle RAC and Oracle Clusterware)
yum install -y net-tools

#(for Oracle ACFS)
yum install -y nfs-utils

#(for Oracle ACFS Remote)
yum install -y python
yum install -y python-configshell
yum install -y python-rtslib
yum install -y python-six
yum install -y targetcli

Add kernel parameters to /etc/sysctl.conf

# kernel parameters for 19C installation
fs.file-max = 6815744
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.shmall = 1073741824
kernel.shmmax = 4398046511104
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 2
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 2
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500

Apply kernel parameters

/sbin/sysctl -p

Add following lines to set shell limits for user oracle in file /etc/security/limits.conf

# shell limits for users oracle 19C
oracle  soft nofile 1024
oracle hard nofile 65536
oracle soft nproc 16384
oracle nproc 16384
oracle soft stack 10240
oracle hard stack 32768
oracle soft memlock 134217728
oracle hard memlock 134217728

This step is recommended by Oracle to avoid later performance problems – Doc ID 1557478.1. It can be done by adding transparent_hugepage=never to /etc/default/grub

[root@analytics-db1 ~]# cat /etc/default/grub
GRUB_TIMEOUT=5
GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR=”$(sed ‘s, release .*$,,g’ /etc/system-release)”
GRUB_DEFAULT=saved
GRUB_DISABLE_SUBMENU=true
GRUB_TERMINAL_OUTPUT=”console”
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=”crashkernel=auto rd.lvm.lv=ol/root rd.lvm.lv=ol/swap rhgb quiet numa=off transparent_hugepage=never
GRUB_DISABLE_RECOVERY=”true”

After applying and rebooting host can be checked with following command

[root@analytics-db1 ~]# cat /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled
always madvise [never]

Next steps

Create directory structure for binaries as user root

  • ORACLE_BASE – /u01/db/app/oracle
  • ORACLE_HOME – /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1
mkdir -p /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1
chown oracle:oinstall -R /u01

Disable firewall

systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl disable firewalld

Add following lines in /home/oracle/.bash_profile for user oracle

# Oracle Settings
export TMP=/tmp

export ORACLE_HOSTNAME=analytics-db1
export ORACLE_UNQNAME=ORA19C
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/db/app/oracle
export ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/19.3.0.0/db_1
export ORACLE_SID=ORA19C

PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib;
export CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib;

alias cdob='cd $ORACLE_BASE'
alias cdoh='cd $ORACLE_HOME'
alias tns='cd $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin'
alias envo='env | grep ORACLE'

umask 022

if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then
    if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
       ulimit -u 16384 
       ulimit -n 65536
    else
       ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
    fi
fi

envo

Install database software

Connect as user oracle

[root@analytics-db1 ~]# su – oracle

Let’s start with database software installation as oracle user. Copy zip to ORACLE_HOME directory and then unzip it. It’s ready binaries !

[oracle@analytics-db1 ~]$cp LINUX.X64_193000_db_home.zip /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1
cd /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1
unzip LINUX.X64_193000_db_home.zip

after unzip you should see following

[oracle@analytics-db1 db_1]$ pwd
/u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1
[oracle@analytics-db1 db_1]$ ls
addnode     dbs          instantclient                 network  owm          root.sh.old.1  ucp
apex        deinstall    inventory                     nls      perl         runInstaller   usm
assistants  demo         javavm                        odbc     plsql        schagent.conf  utl
bin         diagnostics  jdbc                          olap     precomp      sdk            wwg
clone       dmu          jdk                           OPatch   QOpatch      slax           xdk
crs         drdaas       jlib                          opmn     R            sqldeveloper
css         dv           ldap                          oracore  racg         sqlj
ctx         env.ora      lib                           ord      rdbms        sqlpatch
cv          has          LINUX.X64_193000_db_home.zip  ords     relnotes     sqlplus
data        hs           md                            oss      root.sh      srvm
dbjava      install      mgw                           oui      root.sh.old  suptools

check environment settings

–I defined 4 aliases in .bash_profile of user oracle to make

–administration easier 🙂

[oracle@analytics-db1 ~]$ alias envo tns cdoh cdob

alias envo=’env | grep ORACLE’

alias tns=’cd $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin’

alias cdoh=’cd $ORACLE_HOME’

alias cdob=’cd $ORACLE_BASE’

–run alias command envo to display environment settings

[oracle@analytics-db1 ~]$ envo
ORACLE_UNQNAME=ORA19C
ORACLE_SID=ORA19C
ORACLE_BASE=/u01/db/app/oracle
ORACLE_HOSTNAME=analytics-db1
ORACLE_HOME=/u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1

–run alias command cdob and cdoh

–to check ORACLE_BASE, ORACLE_HOME

[oracle@analytics-db1 ~]$ cdob

[oracle@analytics-db1 oracle]$ pwd

/u01/db/app/oracle

[oracle@analytics-db1 ~]$ cdoh

[oracle@analytics-db1 db_1]$ pwd

/u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1

Response files

Once Oracle 19C binaries are unzipped. In following directories you can find response files that stores parameters necessary to install Oracle components:

directoryresponse file 
$ORACLE_HOME/install/responsedb_install.rsp 
$ORACLE_HOME/assistants/dbcadbca.rsp 
$ORACLE_HOME/assistants/netcanetca.rsp 
  • db_install.rsp – used to install oracle binaries, install/upgrade a database in silent mode
  • dbca.rsp – used to install/configure/delete a database in silent mode
  • netca.rsp – used to configure simple network for oracle database in silent mode

All response files are attached/mentioned in the page link: http://blog.biks.in/db/response-files-for-db-19c-silent-installation/(opens in a new tab)

[oracle@analytics-db1 response]$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/install/response
[oracle@analytics-db1 response]$ pwd
/u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1/install/response
[oracle@analytics-db1 response]$ ls *.rsp
db_install.rsp

[oracle@analytics-db1 dbca]$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/assistants/dbca
[oracle@analytics-db1 dbca]$ pwd
/u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1/assistants/dbca
[oracle@analytics-db1 dbca]$ ls *.rsp
dbca.rsp

cd $ORACLE_HOME/assistants/netca
[oracle@analytics-db1 netca]$ pwd
/ora01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1/assistants/netca
[oracle@analytics-db1 netca]$ ls *.rsp
netca.rsp

Install Oracle binaries

It’s the best to preserve original response file db_install.rsp before editing it

[oracle@analytics-db1 response]$ cp db_install.rsp db_install.rsp.bck
Edit file db_install.rsp to set parameters required to install binaries. This is just example and in next releases parameters can be different. Each of presented parameter is very well described in db_install.rsp. Below is a mere brief explanations.
——————————————–
— force to install only database software
——————————————–
oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY
——————————————–
— set unix group for oracle inventory
——————————————–
UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall
——————————————–
— set directory for oracle inventory
——————————————–
INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/db/app/oraInventory
——————————————–
— set oracle home for binaries
——————————————–
ORACLE_HOME=/u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1
——————————————–
— set oracle home for binaries
——————————————–
ORACLE_BASE=/u01/db/app/oracle
——————————————–
— set version of binaries to install
— EE – enterprise edition
——————————————–
oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE
——————————————–
— specify extra groups for database management
——————————————–
oracle.install.db.OSDBA_GROUP=dba
oracle.install.db.OSOPER_GROUP=oper
oracle.install.db.OSBACKUPDBA_GROUP=backupdba
oracle.install.db.OSDGDBA_GROUP=dgdba
oracle.install.db.OSKMDBA_GROUP=kmdba
oracle.install.db.OSRACDBA_GROUP=racdba

once edition is completed. Start binaries installation.

cd /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1
./runInstaller -silent \
-responseFile /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1/install/response/db_install.rsp

output is following

[oracle@analytics-db1 db_1]$ ./runInstaller -silent \ -responseFile /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1/install/response/db_install.rsp
Launching Oracle Database Setup Wizard…
The response file for this session can be found at:
 /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1/install/response/db_2019-06-07_11-13-06AM.rsp
You can find the log of this install session at:
 /tmp/InstallActions2019-06-07_11-13-06AM/installActions2019-06-07_11-13-06AM.log
As a root user, execute the following script(s):
        1. /u01/db/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
        2. /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1/root.sh
Execute /u01/db/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh on the following nodes: [analytics-db1]
Execute /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1/root.sh on the following nodes:
[analytics-db1]

Successfully Setup Software.
Moved the install session logs to:
 /u01/db/app/oraInventory/logs/InstallActions2019-06-07_11-13-06AM

you are asked to run two scripts as user root. Once it’s done binaries are installed. I’m not sure if it’s necessary from previous logs it looks it’s already done

[root@analytics-db1 /]#

/u01/db/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh

/u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1/root.sh

quick binary verification

[oracle@analytics-db1 db_1]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 19.0.0.0.0 – Production on Fri Jun 7 11:17:42 2019
Version 19.3.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2019, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL>

Configure Oracle Net

Again based on response file Oracle Net will be configured

cd /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1/assistants/netca
cp netca.rsp netca.rsp.bck

You can edit netca.rsp to set own parameters. I didn’t changed anything here. So just start standard configuration. It will configure LISTENER with standard settings.

netca -silent -responseFile /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1/assistants/netca/netca.rsp

Below is the output

netca -silent -responseFile /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1/assistants/netca/netca.rsp
Parsing command line arguments:
    Parameter "silent" = true
    Parameter "responsefile" = /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1/assistants/netca/netca.rsp
Done parsing command line arguments.
Oracle Net Services Configuration:
Profile configuration complete.
Oracle Net Listener Startup:
    Running Listener Control:
      /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1/bin/lsnrctl start LISTENER
    Listener Control complete.
    Listener started successfully.
Listener configuration complete.
Oracle Net Services configuration successful. The exit code is 0

Check LISTENER status

[oracle@analytics-db1 db_1]$ lsnrctl status
Output: 
LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on 07-JUN-2019 11:32:53

Copyright (c) 1991, 2019, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=oel7.dbaora.com)(PORT=1521)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 19.0.0.0.0 - Production
Start Date                07-JUN-2019 11:28:40
Uptime                    0 days 0 hr. 4 min. 13 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File   /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /u01/db/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/oel7/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=oel7)(PORT=1521)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC1521)))
The listener supports no services
The command completed successfully

Configure database

The last setup is to create new container database ORA19C.dbaora.com with one pluggable database PORA1891 and configure and enable oracle db express

Prepare directories for database datafiles and flash recovery area

mkdir /u01/db/app/oracle/oradata
mkdir /u01/db/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area

backup original response file for dbca

cd /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1/assistants/dbca
cp dbca.rsp dbca.rsp.bck
vi dbca.rsp

set own parameters

--------------------------------------------
-- global database name
--------------------------------------------
gdbName=ORA19C

--------------------------------------------
-- instance database name
--------------------------------------------
sid=ORA19C

--------------------------------------------
--create container database
--------------------------------------------
createAsContainerDatabase=true

--------------------------------------------
-- number of pluggable databases
--------------------------------------------
numberOfPDBs=1

--------------------------------------------
-- list of pluggable databases
--------------------------------------------
pdbName=PORA19C1

-------------------------------------------- 
-- Flag to create local undo tablespace for all PDB's.
-------------------------------------------- 
useLocalUndoForPDBs=true

--------------------------------------------
-- pluggable administrator password
--------------------------------------------
pdbAdminPassword=Oracle19c#

--------------------------------------------
-- template name used to create database
--------------------------------------------
templateName=General_Purpose.dbc

--------------------------------------------
-- password for user sys
--------------------------------------------
sysPassword=Oracle19c#

--------------------------------------------
-- password for user system
--------------------------------------------
systemPassword=Oracle19c#

--------------------------------------------
-- configure dbexpress with port 5500
--------------------------------------------
emConfiguration=DBEXPRESS
emExpressPort=5510

--------------------------------------------
-- password for dbsnmp user
--------------------------------------------
dbsnmpPassword=Oracle19c#

--------------------------------------------
-- default directory for oracle database datafiles
--------------------------------------------
datafileDestination=/u01/db/app/oracle/oradata

--------------------------------------------
-- default directory for flashback data
--------------------------------------------
recoveryAreaDestination=/u01/db/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area

--------------------------------------------
-- storage used for database installation
-- FS - OS filesystem
--------------------------------------------
storageType=FS

--------------------------------------------
-- database character set
--------------------------------------------
characterSet=AL32UTF8

--------------------------------------------
-- national database character set
--------------------------------------------
nationalCharacterSet=AL16UTF16

--------------------------------------------
-- listener name to register database to
--------------------------------------------
listeners=LISTENER

--------------------------------------------
-- force to install sample schemas on the database
--------------------------------------------
sampleSchema=true

--------------------------------------------
--specify database type
--has influence on some instance parameters
--------------------------------------------
databaseType=OLTP

--------------------------------------------
-- defines size of memory used by the database
--------------------------------------------
totalMemory=4096

run database installation

dbca -silent -createDatabase \ 
-responseFile /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1/assistants/dbca/dbca.rsp

Example output

[oracle@analytics-db1 dbca]$ dbca -silent -createDatabase \
> -responseFile /u01/db/app/oracle/product/19.3.0.0/db_1/assistants/dbca/dbca.rsp
Prepare for db operation
8% complete
Copying database files
31% complete
Creating and starting Oracle instance
32% complete
36% complete
40% complete
43% complete
46% complete
Completing Database Creation
51% complete
54% complete
Creating Pluggable Databases
58% complete
77% complete
Executing Post Configuration Actions
100% complete
Database creation complete. For details check the logfiles at:
 /u01/db/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/ORA19C.
Database Information:
Global Database Name:ORA19C.dbaora.com
System Identifier(SID):ORA19C
Look at the log file "/u01/db/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/ORA19C/ORA19C.log" for further details.

Verify connection

[oracle@analytics-db1 dbca]$ sqlplus / as sysdba



SQL*Plus: Release 19.0.0.0.0 – Production on Sat Jun 8 02:35:22 2019
Version 19.3.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2019, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to:
Oracle Database 19c Enterprise Edition Release 19.0.0.0.0 – Production
Version 19.3.0.0.0

SQL> show parameter db_name

NAME           TYPE        VALUE
————— ———– ——————————
db_name         string      ORA19C

SQL> alter session set container=PORA19C1;

Session altered.

SQL> show con_id

CON_ID
——————————
3
SQL> show con_name

CON_NAME
——————————
PORA19C1
SQL>

Check port status of db express in root database

SQL> ALTER SESSION SET CONTAINER=cdb$root;

Session altered.

SQL> select DBMS_XDB_CONFIG.GETHTTPSPORT from dual;

GETHTTPSPORT
————
        5510

SQL>


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